In this subject area of Design & Technology, students in year 7 and year 8 will develop design solutions to solve existing user needs in order to develop a wide range of skills in graphical communication, including the application of computer aided design (CAD). Students will use a range of different materials, including plastics, papers and boards to design and manufacture innovative and high-quality products using a range of processes from the use of hand tools to more high-tech equipment such as laser cutters, computerised vinyl cutters and 3D printers. Students will also use a wide range of design methods from freehand sketching and rendering to the use of different computer aided design (CAD) applications. In year 9, students who have selected GCSE Design & Technology (Graphic design focus) as an option choice will develop more specific skills and knowledge in design, including the use of further CAD packages in preparation for coursework completion, and in preparation for external examinations in year 11. In year 10, students will continue to develop skills & examination knowledge in preparation for starting coursework in June, when the coursework theme is released. In year 11, students will complete all coursework and sit an external examination at the end of year 11, which, combined with coursework marks, will be used to form their overall grade.